(To survey other elements and author quotes, visit the Elements of Fiction home page)

“The change may be subtle or extreme, but should be growth.” Barnaby Conrad

“The growth may be an epiphany, a sudden dawning or a subtle realization, or it may be a slow change.” Barnaby Conrad

“This growth, this result of the conflict upon the character will demonstrate the story’s theme, what is meant by the story. The writer must see this theme clearly before the final re-write or the reader will not see it.” Barnaby Conrad

“If there is no possibility for change in a character, we have no interest in him.” Flannery O’Connor

“The protagonist should be a different person by the end of the story.” Ulf Wolf

“The growth and development of feelings, which is the novelist’s aim.” Virginia Woolf